Let’s face it, you aren’t as young as you think you are. While your body may let you know that the aging process is happening, your mind may play tricks on you. If you are like most of us, your self-image is a version of yourself ten to twenty years younger than reality. While this self-deception has benefits in some areas of your life, it can have significant drawbacks as it relates to business and career planning. This is especially true once you are in your 50’s or older.
Do you have an exit strategy for your business or career? Whether you are a corporate executive or a business owner, there will come a time when you want, or need, to transition to the next phase of life. Done in advance, this can be an optimistic process, it should define how YOU want to exit. As the plan develops, there will be reality checks and alternative paths to consider, but at this point it should be a framework of how you want the future to look. If not done in advance, it will be reactive and prone to unnecessary doubt and anxiety at an already stressful time.
A Preliminary Plan
While the process should be entered with an “expect the best” approach, my tendency is to add some elements of “plan for the worst” as well. Using a corporate executive as an example, here is the type of exit plan I like to create with clients:
|Corporate Executive Exit Plan|
|Planned Retirement Date||Age 60|
|Post Retirement Work?||Possible, but not planned for|
|Vocation/ Purpose in retirement||Work in Progress – preliminary alternatives identified; exploration underway|
|Desired Lifestyle||While numerous details need to be fleshed out, a spending plan that should support a comfortable lifestyle has been created|
|Social Security Timing||Wait to age 70 to collect max benefits for self and spouse|
|Deferred Compensation Plan||Take deferred benefits over first 10 years of retirement (bridge to SS)|
|Employer’s Stock Holdings||Execute on existing plan for RSU, ESOP & ESPP plans|
|Medical Insurance Planning||Private (pre-65), Medicare w/supplements (age 65+)|
|Tax Planning||Potential Roth IRA conversions age 60 to 65, utilize low tax brackets as much as possible, minimize income-based Medicare surcharges after 65|
|Debt Planning||Be mortgage free at retirement|
|Housing / Location||TBD too early to lock anything in at this point|
|Charitable Planning||Use appreciated securities to efficiently fund a Donor Advised Fund in high tax years, support causes in the years ahead|
|Cash and Liquidity Management||Prepare to have 2 years of cash needs in liquid and available form at and through retirement|
|Withdrawal Sequencing||Plan for withdrawals from taxable, tax-deferred and tax-free accounts to meet needs in the most tax-efficient manner|
|Life/Disability Insurance||Maintain or drop disability and term life insurance policies|
This example is for a corporate executive, but many of these elements are critical for business owners too. Business owners would have more planning related to the business, e.g., transitioning the business to successors, optimizing for sale and funding future lifestyle with the proceeds of the sale.
The expression “The plan is nothing, the planning is everything” comes to mind here. While we create these detailed and complex plans, we know that the first change in assumptions, or reality, will make the original plan inaccurate. That doesn’t mean the plan isn’t serving its purpose. While those small changes mean the plan has to be adjusted, without the plan how are you going to evaluate your options when confronted with a big decision? As you approach the point of being ten years or less from your planned or likely exit, you need to have a framework in place to evaluate your options.
Here are some of the decisions a plan can help you with:
- Exploring post retirement purpose/vocation and what is possible for you
- What do you gain or give up by retiring sooner? Or Later?
- Evaluating early retirement offers in the context of your life
- How does a consulting arrangement impact lifestyle, taxes, etc.
- Sale of your business to family, employees, outside investors
- Real Estate transactions – e.g., second home, relocation, downsizing, commercial real estate (possibly including your business location)
- Financial and time capacity to support parents, children, siblings, and organizations
- Legacy planning and Charitable Giving
- Evaluating Social Security options
This list is not exhaustive as there are a number of considerations that will be more or less important to you. If you don’t yet have a plan, what is preventing you from creating one? If you don’t have time to plan now, when will you? Will that be early enough to give you time to create a plan before circumstances force you to make major life decisions?
To learn more about the ways Modera can help you as you consider your exit strategy, please contact Modera and our Atlanta advisors today.